Posted: Wed 14th Dec 2016

Deeside MP talks about life as a whip

News and Info from Deeside, Flintshire, North Wales
This article is old - Published: Wednesday, Dec 14th, 2016

Chief Editor of The Times’ political website Red Box, Matt Chorley, is doing a week long mini-series going behind the scenes of the Whips Office.

Over the course of the week Matt Chorley will be interviewing parliamentary whips, past and present, about the highs and lows of keeping MPs line.

Red Box will be making a new podcast available every day this week and local MP, Mark Tami, will be the feature of the final podcast on Friday.

Mark Tami said; “I was delighted to be a feature of one of Matt’s podcasts, I hope people in Alyn and Deeside give it a listen as it’ll give a fantastic insight into some of the stuff I do when I am not in the constituency.”

The podcast will be made available on SoundCloud this Friday here https://soundcloud.com/times-comment


What is a a Whip?

Parliament’s official website www.parliament.uk says:

Whips are MPs or Members of the House of Lords appointed by each party in Parliament to help organise their party’s contribution to parliamentary business. One of their responsibilities is making sure the maximum number of their party members vote, and vote the way their party wants.

Other whip duties

Whips frequently act as tellers (counting votes in divisions). They also manage the pairing system whereby Members of opposing parties both agree not to vote when other business (such as a select committee visit) prevents them from being present at Westminster.

Whips are also largely responsible (together with the Leader of the House in the Commons) for arranging the business of Parliament. In this role they are frequently referred to as ‘the usual channels’.

The Whip

Every week, whips send out a circular (called ‘The Whip’) to their MPs or Lords detailing upcoming parliamentary business. Special attention is paid to divisions (where members vote on debates), which are ranked in order of importance by the number of times they are underlined.

Three-line whips

Important divisions are underlined three times – a ‘three-line whip’ – and normally apply to major events like the second readings of significant Bills.

Defying a three-line whip is very serious, and has occasionally resulted in the whip being withdrawn from an MP or Lord. This means that the Member is effectively expelled from their party (but keeps their seat) and must sit as an independent until the whip is restored.

Small majorities and whips

The job of the whips becomes more important if the majority of the party in government is small. This makes it easy for the government to lose in major votes. Therefore, it’s crucial that the whips on both sides (government and opposition) try to get as many Members to vote as possible.

Commons Library briefings

The House of Commons Library produces briefing papers to inform MPs and their staff of key issues. The papers contain factual information and a range of opinions on each subject, and aim to be politically impartial.

The Library has produced a paper that gives a brief history of the origins and role of the Government and Opposition Whips in the management of parliamentary business, and an overview of their current functions and duties.

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